This is where you can read the manhwa. https://www.lezhinus.com/en/comic/painter But be aware that this manhwa is a mature Yaoi, which means, it is about homosexuality with explicit scenes. If you want to read more essays, here is the link to the table of contents: https://bebebisous33analyses.wordpress.com/2020/07/04/table-of-contents-painter-of-the-night/
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The chapter 67 caught me by surprise, because it proved me wrong in one aspect: Lee Jihwa is not like Baek Na-Kyum, in the sense that he is no orphan. The red-haired aristocrat has a father, an old-bearded man. (chapter 67) My first thought was: “Where were you all this time?”
I couldn’t help myself laughing, when Yoon Seungho barged into Lee’s mansion in chapter 67, because I immediately connected it to chapter 3, when the protagonist visited his childhood friend early in the morning. Back then, he barged with an erected phallus (chapter 3) and had sex with Jihwa at the pavilion, where both were not quiet at all. The red-haired noble kept even moaning. (chapter 3) Their intercourse was noticeable, but at no moment father Lee interrupted them. And now, the erected phallus was switched to a sword, and unlike in chapter 3, where the second lead was eager to meet his sex partner, the master chose to hide behind a windscreen. (chapter 67) However, this time father Lee intervened. Why all of the sudden? For the first time, his son caused a real trouble, because someone entered his house with a sword: a huge scandal! Furthermore, he must have realized that his son’s life was in danger, hence he had to intervene. The domestics couldn’t deal with such a powerful noble. And now, you understand why I couldn’t restrain myself from smiling, because the father Lee’s reproach sounded so hypocrite. (chapter 67) Where was he, when Yoon Seungho had sex at the pavilion? Why didn’t he intervene, especially if he sees the main lead as responsible for his son’s debauchery?
Because of this question, I was reminded of the song called “Papaoutai” from Stromae, a French speaking singer from Belgium. I am posting the video with the english subtitles.
In this song, the singer outlines the importance of fathers for children. However, he does it by criticizing their absence (Papaoutai = Papa où tu es?/ Papa, where are you?). Although this represents his main message, he also questions the role played by fathers in our modern societies. He points out that’s easy to become a father biologically, but being a father symbolizes responsibilities. He explains it, men don’t become fathers naturally, since it is a work process: “nobody knows how to make Papas” / Mister “know-it-all” would’ve inherited it, is that it? Does it come from sucking our thumbs, or what”. Moreover, for him many fathers don’t take their role seriously (“Genitors or genius, tell us who gives birth to irresponsibles”). The author exposes that a father needs to think a lot about his role as father. As a conclusion, the singer would like men to become more responsible for raising their children.
And it is time to return our attention to Painter Of The Night. Byeonduck utilizes her work to show the importance of fathers in sons’ life, as she exposes different types of negative behavior of fathers.
First, we have Father Lee. He only appeared after 66 episodes. His absence had given the impression that he was inexistent and Jihwa was an orphan. We could describe father Lee as ghost. And now, you understand why I chose such a title: Absence. What does it mean for children, when their father is not by their side?
Absence of parents is a synonym for parental neglect. What is child neglect exactly? There are 6 different types of child neglect:
- Physical Neglect or Deprivation of Needs Neglect
- Medical Neglect
- Educational Neglect
- Emotional Neglect
- Supervisory Neglect
- Environmental Neglect from https://www.kaplanco.com/ii/six-types-of-neglect
Many people think that this situation only happens in families with a low income, because it is related to physical and supervisory neglect which is more visible. However reality is different. We find neglected children in wealthy families. How so? The affluent children live in comfort, but they are often starved of love and affection (Emotional Neglect). This happens, when parents are too busy to spend time with their children. Therefore they hire personal to take care of their children or send them to boarding school. As you can imagine, Lee Jihwa is a child suffering from supervisory, emotional and educational neglect.
Since Father Lee relies on his servants to take care of his son, they are not qualified or responsible enough to care for him (supervisory neglect). Due to their lower status, they are not allowed to teach him or reprimand him. That’s why in chapter 9, only the servant asked Jihwa where he was going so early at dawn. Jihwa had not to justify his departure to his father. Then in chapter 41, one domestic finds the young man sleeping on the street, while looking for him. (chapter 41) He spent the whole night drinking and his father never asked about his whereabouts. He never showed any concern, as he has his staff to take care of him. In other words, he put the whole responsibility on the domestics. After confessing to Yoon Seungho in public, no servant shows up and takes care of him indicating that neither father Lee nor the staff heard about the scandal. Nameless was the one who was asked by the inn owner, if he could take care of the young noble. (chapter 59) He even gave him a dry robe and a home for the night. Since the servant only showed up the next morning in chapter 41 and he didn’t even appear during the night in chapter 59, it illustrates that the staff is more attached to the mansion than to the impulsive noble himself in truth.
This is not surprising that in chapter 67, the servant does his best to protect his master. Despite his rude behavior in chapter 50 (chapter 50), he is even willing to risk his life . (chapter 67) He simply follows his master’s request, as he feels, that’s his duty and lord Lee could ask for his accountability. (chapter 67) Amazing, when you compare it to Kim’s behavior. We could say that the staff does feel responsible for their young master to a certain extent. Why? I believe, they all know that father Lee doesn’t pay attention to his young son and they are now responsible for him. On the other hand, their care is limited, because they are domestics to the mansion. They are not obliged to give him the emotional comfort and the education he needs. As long as there’s no real scandal, then everything is fine in father Lee and the staff’s mind. Remember that in chapter 45, the town folks described the second lead as the “mistress”, showing that even they had noticed the lord’s movements, whereas father Lee has no knowledge about it. (chapter 45) That’s how isolated the father is cut off from reality and world. This is not surprising that his son resembles him, he also lives in his own world.
But what are the consequences of emotional neglect? I would like to quote a passage from a website in French (translated)
It can also be so because a lack of love and human contact hinders its development. In some cases, neglect traps the child in sensory isolation, slowly and continuously undermining his or her mind to the point where there is little desire to connect with others and explore the world. Thus, parental neglect is a terrible absence. http://educationsante.be/article/la-negligence-parentale-est-une-terrible-absence/
Remember how I had described the red-haired noble, before Nameless helped him to become more responsible: I compared him to a blind and deaf person , which corresponds to the expression “sensory isolation”. Back then, I had imagined that he had been abused as well. I was wrong, since it was just neglect which I had already detected. However, the consequences of such a severe neglect are as terrible as abuse. Consequently, abuse and neglect are often considered the same.
Now, I will list how neglect affects the child’s personality (I won’t add to each characteristic a picture):
- Extremely low tolerance for frustration (chapter 13) (chapter 13); aggression (chapter 17)
- Sense of entitlement (chapter 51)
- Lack of appropriate guilt (chapter 59) In chapter 56, Jihwa sent a fake letter reminding Yoon Seungho of his trauma, yet he acts as if the other is to blame and shows no remorse. That’s why many children suffering from emotional neglect have problems with rules and laws.
- Lack of coping skills: Jihwa is unable to accept any rejection or criticism. We could observe this in chapter 5, when the lord sent him away. He didn’t pay attention to the reason why Yoon Seungho couldn’t focus on him.
- Boredom (chapter 9)
- Lack of purpose: This explicates why Jihwa was so obsessed to obtain his friend’s love. Since he has been neglected by his own father, the main lead became his “surrogate” father, who gave him attention because he criticized him and even punished him.
- Blaming others (chapter 57)
- Reduced empathy
- Poor planning skills: When he enters Yoon Seungho’s mansion in chapter 17, he is not able to hide his frustration and starts assaulting the painter so that he creates a ruckus. That’s how Jihwa is caught. As for the kidnapping and murder, he left the whole responsibility on the commoner. He never paid attention to his actions and whereabouts. He believed the criminal and that was it. Sure, Nameless didn’t take advantage from Jihwa, but this shows that he relies too much on others. This is not surprising that the second lead listens to Min’s words and manipulation (chapter 67), although he had lied to him in the past.
- Difficulties with competition: this explains why he uses tricks to act behind the painter’s back.
- Problems withstanding peer pressure quoted from https://www.paracelsus-recovery.com/blog/affluent-neglect/
- Anxiety (chapter 67)
- Low self-esteem
- substance misuse (chapter 50)
- shunning emotional closeness or intimacy: That’s why Jihwa kept waiting for the main lead’s confession. https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/childhood-emotional-neglect#symptoms-in-children
The effects of neglect are such that it leaves sequels on so many levels: socially, emotionally, intellectually and psychologically. Children exposed to neglect are at a greater risk of developing conduct disorders and of participating in delinquent behavior, which is visible in the red-haired figure: he trespasses proprieties, ruins a painting, he even had the painter kidnapped. Due to his scheme, the vicious servant Deok-Jae was killed. Then their knowledge and cognitive capacities are diminished, which is also perceptible in the young man. The latter is not able to recognize evil at all, hence he can’t detect hypocrisy and manipulations. And this leads me to the following observation: Byeonduck chose the monkey as an animal for Jihwa. The manhwaphiles can see the singe in the windscreen. (red circle). Because of the character’s previous deafness and blindness, I immediately connected it to the wise 3 monkeys:
In Asia, the monkeys are considered as wise, because they represent proper behavior. Confucius says:
“Look not at what is contrary to propriety, listen not what is contrary to propriety and finally speak not what is contrary to propriety.”
In other words, the 3 monkeys serve as role model. One should behave properly by avoiding any form of evil. Since Min is the Joker, also visible in the windscreen (yellow circle), it explains why Jihwa has become such a bully in the end. Min became his role model replacing the father. Consequently, the red-haired aristocrat can’t recognize evil. That’s why Lee Jihwa appeared as a spoiled child with a delinquent behavior in the end. Byeonduck is displaying the extreme consequences of a father’s the absence. And this leads me to the next question: what is the role of a father in the end?
“The function of the father is to separate the child from the mother. He must intervene between the mother and the child to allow the child to develop his identity outside the maternal symbiosis” from https://www.psycho-ressources.com/bibli/fonction-pere.html
And now, the manhwaphiles comprehend why the red-haired noble has such a low self-esteem. (chapter 67) This is is visible in this panel. The character can’t even stand. Min, the Joker and surrogate father, treats Jihwa as his servant and punishes him, because he had not followed his order. Jihwa has not entirely developed his identity, since he has always lived in his own limited world. A father has not only to provide security and comfort, he helps the child to learn self-control and boundaries. A father is associated to rules and should teach his child how to channel aggressivity. In other words, he serves as a role model for the child. But with the absence of a father, this is impossible. And since the domestics belong to the lower social class, Lee Jihwa always had the upper hand and could do anything: his father never appeared, when Jihwa was destroying his room with his sword in chapter 21. Besides, father Lee never paid attention to the friends his son had. He blames Yoon Seungho for his son’s debauchery, yet at no moment he intervened in the past. The main lead is correct to blame the father and put his son in a different light. (chapter 67) And now, the readers can understand the role Nameless is slowly taking over: he will be the father and lover teaching him how to recognize evil and even think critically. We saw Jihwa rejecting Min’s advice (chapter 67), but it was short-lived due to Yoon Seungho’s appearance. We have to assume that Yoon Seungho played the role of the father after the former had been abandoned by his own father. However, he could never assume this function properly, as he was suffering himself and couldn’t give him the emotional and educational comfort Jihwa needed. Let’s not forget that the protagonist chose to ignore his own feelings, to even numb them. Hence it was impossible for them to connect emotionally.
After discerning Father Lee’s behavior, I could easily portray father Yoon, who stands in opposition to father Lee. He is a controlling father using his sons as his pawns and tools for his own career. Here, I gathered the characteristics for a controlling parent:
- Interfering in nearly every aspect of the child’s life.
- Criticizing any choice a child tries to make independently.
- High, truly unattainable standards.
- Conditional love.
- Rigid (and unrealistic) rules.
- Lack of empathy and respect.
- Unreasonably harsh punishment. 8.
- Lack of appreciation for the child’s individuality.
- Expecting the child to act like a parent.
- Manipulation through gifts.
- Playing on guilt and/or shame. https://www.mindbodygreen.com/articles/signs-of-controlling-parents-and-how-to-cope-as-adult
This explicates why Yoon Seungho had been longing to see admiration and love in his father’s gaze, always hoping that at some point he would get it. The existence of the rules I elaborated is a proof of this abusive parent. And now, you understand why Father Yoon described his eldest son as ill, suffering from wayward yang. (chapter 57) “wayward” is a synonym for rebellious indicating that Yoon Seungho had started questioning his father’s behavior and words. Simultaneously, I believe that the father judged his son’s behavior as too childish, thus he said that he had been suffering from an illness for a long time. The adolescence represents an important step in the child’s development. That’s the moment when a teenager decides to take his distance from his father in order to find his own identity. Since the main lead was described as intelligent, it was normal that the main character would decide to make his own decision and could sense his father’s flaws. Consequently father Yoon could only see the critical remarks as a sign of insubordination. This is not surprising that he blamed his son, when something happened due to Jihwa. (chapter 67) Since Father Lee never paid attention to his own son’s behavior, the former was more than pleased to hear that Yoon Seungho was responsible for an incident. Father Lee was following the rule:
But unlike before, this is the Western interpretation: he acts as if he doesn’t see evil or hear evil. He will never talk badly about his son. That way, he escapes any responsibility for his son’s failures. But like Confucius wrote:
“The father who does not teach his son his duties is equally guilty with the son who neglects them”.
From my point of view, father Lee will pay a huge price for his negligence due to his son. I saw in the chapter 67 a confirmation that Jihwa will cause a huge tragedy which ends with a terrible punishment. It is getting more probable that Jihwa will lose his title as noble (chapter 67) and it is even possible that he gets a scar or a tattoo. (chapter 67) This scene was important as it represented a new version of chapter 18. This time, the lord aimed at Jihwa’s face and the servant was not harmed. The main lead put the whole responsibility on the former friend.
But since I had described the role played by the servants in the Lee mansion, it is also important to take a look at the domestic’s function, when father Yoon was the master of the house. What caught my attention is that father Yoon has been also represented like a ghost, very similar to father Lee. However, while the latter represents lack of interests for the son, the other stands in opposition to this. He is everywhere due to his servants. All of them were asked to pay attention to his children and their behavior. In other words, he is also absent. The domestics must have reported him everything. And now, you can understand why Yoon Seungho kept his distance from his staff as the lord of the mansion. He didn’t want to be observed by them, that’s why he relied more on Kim in the end. With his help, he could maintain a certain gap and escape their “monitoring”. There is another evidence for this theory: remember that Yoon Seungho asked his servants through Kim to pay a closer look at Baek Na-Kyum, but they didn’t take his request very seriously. Hence the painter could escape the mansion in chapter 29. And you all know that the artist is reliving the noble’s past. This explicates why Yoon Seungho targeted the amateur spy in chapter 18, he was reminded of his own past. He could only get furious.
However, there’s another huge difference in the role played by Father Yoon’s servants. Since they only had to report to him, that means that they didn’t need to take any responsibility, as the lord was the one who made all the decisions afterwards. And now, you understand why Kim rejects any form of responsibility by saying (chapter 65). Father Yoon put a lot of trust in valet Kim in the end, as he relied on his information. This is another evidence for me that Kim is responsible for the main lead’s suffering. Since father Yoon was relying on Kim’s eyes and ears, his perception got changed and this in a negative way. That’s how he became blind. He contributed to the terror ruling at the mansion, but since Kim was kind and caring, Yoon Seungho believed this illusion, while Kim was his biggest spy. I am quite sure that he played a major role, when Yoon Seungho got separated from Lee Jihwa and received his reeducation therapy. For me, there’s no doubt that his responsibility kept getting bigger, when he saw the main lead getting raped, and he decided to close the door and ignore the incident. He just needed to say that this was not his business. Another possibility is that he could justify his choice by saying that it was done for the main lead’s best interest. Let’s not forget that Kim was the one who presented the physician to father Yoon. (chapter 57) There’s no doubt that father Yoon put all his trust in Kim. This explicates why Kim acts, as if he had the authority to give orders. (chapter 67) He must have developed this habit, because father Yoon gave him some power. Observe that he sometimes dresses like a noble (chapter 57) due to the hat and the robe. What caught my attention is that he acts behind his lord’s back, when the latter is absent. (chapter 68) Besides, since this story is based on the principe that history keeps repeating itself, then Yoon Seungho is making the same mistake like his father. However, Yoon Seungho will realize it thanks to the painter and the head-maid. Father Yoon put all his trust in his valet, unable to recognize evil in his butler. Just a reminder:
“The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” from Edmund Burke
This is not just about silence and passivity, it is also about responsibility. Note that in chapter 67, Kim voices that he has been given the permission (chapter 67), so he is not assuming anything in case something happens. And in front of Heena noona and Baek Na-Kyum, he has the same attitude: (chapter 67) if Heena noona gets caught, then they can’t put the blame on him. He will feign ignorance. He has no idea how she entered the mansion. He is also applying the saying from the three monkeys:
He didn’t see or hear anything. He won’t tattle too. Nonetheless, he is acting only like that, when it concerns Yoon Seungho. It is a different story, when it comes to father Yoon. That’s why Kim still keeps thinking about his previous master. (chapter 57) By examining Kim again, I have to admit that I suddenly had this question: who gave the painting to Yoon Seung-Won? Did the valet act on the lord’s order? (chapter 37) Or did he decide to act on his own? Let’s not forget that during that evening, the valet had been reprimanded by Yoon Seung-Won for lying to him. It is possible that the valet chose to give the painting in order to put the blame on Yoon Seungho, as he feared that the young master could report his lie and behavior to father Yoon. The latter might not be present at the mansion, but there’s no doubt that he asked his trusted servant to keep an eye on his eldest son, whom he considered as a troublemaker. This would explain why the main lead keeps taking the medicine. And now, you can grasp why Kim is more loyal to father Yoon than his actual master. The latter gives him more freedom, yet he expects from him more responsibility. Under the ruling of father Yoon, the butler could avoid any trouble by tattling on the young master Yoon Seungho or by faking ignorance, when it was necessary. Since father Yoon put all his trust in the valet, he was not able to see evil or hear evil in the end. Kim framed innocents or he feigned ignorance. As a conclusion, Father Yoon was put in the same situation than father Lee due to Kim’s actions.
As a final conclusion, Byeonduck’s work exposes the huge importance of a father in a child’s development. Unfortunately many people still think that mothers are much more important than fathers. This explicates why in many countries, mothers receive more often custody of their child than fathers. Yet, the judges seldom question the mother’s abilities. The irony is that mothers are not per se good mothers, exactly like Stromae described it in his song, although he only talked about fathers: “Mister “know-it-all” would’ve inherited it, is that it? Does it come from sucking our thumbs, or what”. This applies to mothers as well. Being a parent means work, dedication and affection. There’s nothing intuitive.
Feel free to comment. If you have any suggestion for topics or manhwas, feel free to ask. If you enjoyed reading it, retweet it or push the button like. My tumblr-twitter account is: @bebebisous33. Thanks for reading and the support.
11 thoughts on “Painter Of The Night: Absence”
Fathers are very negligent, but why do they neglect when they have boys? We are in a world where boys are more loved and educated than girls.
men are asked to continue the legacy, why do the fathers in this story neglect their children, even if they are men? is it not important for the father to descend and the continuation of the legacy? English second language sorry for the problems
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On the one hand, fathers look down on women and mothers. They have no right, yet they are supposed to take care of them. There’s this belief that if he got attached too much to their mother, they would become weak… and Baek Na-Kyum proves us that it is the opposite. He was loved by his mother and sisters. Boys need their mothers, but at the same time, Byeonduck proved that the painter needed a father who could teach him critical thinking. Yoon Seungho took over that role. Fathers play a huge role in education, especially in that historical period.
I got really surprised when I saw that Seungho let Jihwa like that and didn’t do anything.
wonder what will happen next ..
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who knows what will happen, but I would really like a talk between Seungho and Nakyum
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Everything you just wrote about Jihwa reminded me of what I wrote to you in the past: Jihwa is
un “hijo de papá” (daddy’s son).
I’ll tell you something. In my country there is a very large social gap. Rich families are mostly traditional, large (they usually have more than 5 children) and deeply close to the church. And a figure arises in these families: “la nana” (the nanny). In my country, she is more than a simple woman who takes care of children, in my country she is the woman who raises the children of these rich men and women, the one who takes care of the house, the one who often moves the staff of the house. She is the surrogate mother of these abandoned children, and for the same reason, it is not surprising that when these children grow up, they hire the same woman to fulfill the same role with the new generation.
And then why do we call them “¿hijos de papá? (Daddy’s kids?). Precisely because of what you say, those woman are “nanas”. They cannot reprimand these children when they make serious mistakes. I’ll give you an example of what these parents do. There was once a widely televised case in my country. Senator Larrain’s son, who was vacationing at the “beach house” with his friends, ran over and killed a man, who ride on a bicycle, on the road. Do you think the son was reprimanded for his action? No. The senator came out in defense of his son, there was no jail, there was no punishment, there was no justice. Because the father, who was probably always absent, the one who left all the work of raising his son to his “nana”, used all his power and prevented this from happening. He tried to buy the silence of the deceased man’s family. He spoke on television that he was persecuting his son because of his senatorial position. But at no point did he speak of his son’s actions (he ran over a man, abandoned him at the crash site, and therefore left him to die) or question them. Larraín Jr. became a national symbol of what it is like to be a father’s son in Chile, and Jihwa reminded me this a lot.
The problem with these children/adults is that they cannot escape their responsibilities. They are no longer children who escape the law, even if their behavior is the consequence of parenting, it is too late to learn the lesson without serious consequences. I even imagine that Jihwa dies, or is seriously injured, or, as you say, loses his title. It will depend on the author. He will learn his lesson the hard way (I hope he will) and change, but the price to pay will be high.
Regarding your question, why didn’t the father come out earlier? Why right now? Well, maybe Jihwa’s relationship with Seungho brought him some benefit. I don’t know what the real extent of Seungho’s power is, but reading the chapter on the hunt with Inhun, it seems Yoon Seungho’s power is greater than people have rumored. Maybe the Lee family got some benefit from it?
I wonder, and where are the mothers of these Joseon children?
I hope history does not continue repeating. Seungho is not my favorite character, but I really think he is a smart man. I really hope he can notice Kim’s behavior.
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I like Yoon Seungho, because he is a very interesting character. I didn’t expect him to barge to Jihwa’s place, thinking that he had learnt his lesson. History is not repeating itself entirely, BNK did work as a spy, he was never treated as a prostitute, even if YSH never confessed his love to him first. The mistakes he made he tried to redeem himself… and more and more he is taking responsibility for the painter for real.
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hahahaha, I did expect that reaction from Seungho. This man is intelligent but also very passionate. I think it’s already a part of his personality, he’s explosive. He will definitely have to work on it. Also, after seeing Nakyum’s wounds … well … it’s like when he took Nakyum to those nobles and threw a bottle at them. I’m quite worried about Inhun (such a lie, that bastard couldn’t care me less 🤣) because when he comes back, and Seungho remembers what he did to Nakyumie ..
But, do you realize that he didn’t doubt for a second that Jihwa did? In my opinion, Jihwa has done something similar in the past. So Seungho had no doubts that he would be able to act like this again. That’s why the identity of Lord Song causes me a lot of problems. I just don’t know why I have the idea that Seungho was cheated on through a crush. I think he fell in love but was betrayed. There is something there that is still in the air for me.
Now, I was reviewing the chapters in which Seungho appears with a sword: he does it in the first episode when he kills a servant, then in episode 2, when he is with Nakyum and reminds him of the death of the man, in the hunt with Inhun, then when he wants to kill Inhun out of jealousy, and when he threatens to kill Nakyum, also out of jealousy.
Do you think the author is repeating events from the past? Because right now nothing comes to mind, except the animal killed in the hunt. There is an image that I cannot get out of my head: the way back, and Nakyum looking at the dead animal on the horse. And I was so scared that deep down in that image he was looking at his own future.
I think you wrote an essay on the dead animals in history and their relationship to future deaths … I’ll look it up.
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Yes, you’re right that Yoon Seungho is very passionate, but I doubt, he was cheated by Jihwa. You are right that he had a certain affection for his friend, but not a sensual love. For me, it is related to Jihwa’s misdeed… and Yoon Seungho was the one who had to take the whole blame. I already have a theory about it. I believe, the deer represents Kim whom will be killed by the sword.
So sorry for writing such long comments 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻. But you are the only one who i can talk about POTN
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Write as long as possible. I like reading your thoughts. My theory about YSH’s past is getting more and more precise
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Yes, i agree with you. That past of Seungho 😣😣😣😣😣😣
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